WHEN TO GO?
Romania offers possibilities all year around. For sightseeing the best period is from the end of April to the beginning of July and from and the end of August to the end of October because of the pleasant temperature. Summer can be warm mainly in Southern Romanian cities. By the Black Sea the temperature is better because of the sea breezes. For the sun lovers the best period is July and August. By the Black Sea in the beginning of June and mid September a holiday can also be nice when the sunrays are not burning so much. The summer season is warm also in the mountain resorts and higher elevation areas too. For mountain trips the recommended period is between the end of April until the end of October. In November also but in this month you have to make your trip with more attention!
From April to October is the best period to visit Danube Delta.
In the mountain resorts winters are really cold. The snow is common in Romania from the end of November to mid March. The resorts in Prahova Valley, and in Maramure� as well as in Bucovina, offer the best conditions for winter sports lovers. Ski lovers can enjoy their favorite sport in the Carpathian Mountains also until mid April. December if we can say is more particular because of the charm of the folk traditions which are well preserved in Transylvania, Maramure�, Bucovina, Oltenia and also in Moldavia. So generally we can say the Romania is an all year destination.
Good to know which are the public holidays in Romania:
January 1 and 2: New Year
Monday following Orthodox Easter: March, April or early May (date varies)
May 1: Labor Day
Rusaliile: (Christian Orthodox Religious Holiday - celebrated 50 days after Easter - May 31 and June 1 in 2009)
August 15: Saint Marys Day
December 1: National Day
December 25-26: Christmas
Dates of the Orthodox Easter (public holiday):
2009 - April 19, 20
2010 - April 4, 5
Several religious holidays including feasts:
St. John - 7th of January,
St. George - 23rd of April,
Sts. Peter & Paul – 29th of June,
St. Mary – 15th of August ,
St. Michael – 8th of November 8,
St. Nicholas – 6th of December,
Ethnic minorities celebrate their own holidays.
VISAS AND PASSPORTS
In Romania there is no entry or departure tax.
For stays up to 90 days American and Canadian citizens as well as citizens of Australia, New Zealand and most European countries do not need an entry visa to visit Romania. If you would like to prolong your stay beyond 90 days you need to keep contact with the local passport office
For a European Union citizen it is not necessary to have a passport while they can use their Identity Card to enter Romania. For all other international visitors a valid passport is required.
For more visa informations and a list of Romanian diplomatic offices please, visit the following website: www.mae.ro (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Good to know that in Romania there are no vaccinations required or necessary.
EMBASSIES IN ROMANIA
The embassies can be found in Bucharest, they consulate also in other cities of Romanina. For addresses and contact details please, visit the website of The Ministry of Foreign Affairs: www.mae.ro
CUSTOMS / LOCAL INFORMATION
Meeting and Greeting:
The greetings are formal and reserved at the first time: a handshake, direct eye contact, and the appropriate greeting for the time of day.
It is not strange if you see that some older Romanians kiss a woman`s hand when they meet them. Foreign men are not expected to kiss a Romanian woman`s hand.
Close friends can kiss and hug each other when they meet.
When kissing, expect to kiss twice, once on each cheek starting with the left cheek.
People are addressed by their honorific title and their surname.
Friends may address each other using the honorific title and the first name.
Only close friends and family members use the first name without appending the honorific title.
Gift Giving Etiquette:
If you are invited to a Romanian`s home, bring flowers, chocolates, or imported liquor to the hosts.
Give always an odd number of flowers. Even numbers are used for funerals.
Roses and carnations are always well received.
A gift for the children is always appreciated.
Gifts are generally opened when received but many Romanians might not unwrap their gifts in your presence.
Other well-appreciate gifts are western cosmetics (i.e. eau de toilette or after-shave) and clothing.
Arrive on time if invited to dinner. You may arrive up to 15 minutes late for a party.
Dress in clothes you might wear at the office.
Check to see if there are shoes at the front door. If so, remove yours.
You can expect to be treated with great honor and respect.
Table manners follow the general established protocols of good behavior.
Wait to be told where to sit because there may be a seating plan.
Table manners are Continental: hold the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
Leave your napkin on the table. Do not put it in your lap.
Wait for the host or hostess to say "pofta buna" (good appetite) before you begin eating.
Always keep your hands visible when eating. Keep your wrists resting on the edge of the table.
Expect to be offered second and even third helpings.
You will have to insist that you cannot eat any more, as refusals are seen as good manners and are not taken seriously. So if one refuses what a host offers to eat or drink, this will often be taken as a polite refusal by guest who really means to say "yes." If you want to refuse the offer find a polite excuse and say it firmly or ask for a replacement.
It is acceptable to soak up extra sauce or gravy on your plate with your bread.
As a sign that you have not finished eating, cross your knife and fork on your plate.
When you have finished eating, place your knife and fork across your plate with the prongs facing down and the handles facing to the right.
The entrance fees not cost so much. Generally cheaper than other european countries. You do not need to spend more than 8 Euros. Normally that in rare cases you can see more expensive rates too. The museums prices are various and generally they offer also reducations. Just as example here you find some informative fees:
Palace of Parliament in Bucharest:
For foreign adults: 20 Lei (~ 5,10 €)
Using your camera or make video you have to pay extra charge: 30 Lei (~ 7,70 €)
Village Museum in Bucharest:
For adults: 6 Lei (~ 1,6 €)
Discounted ticket (children): 3 Lei (~ 0,80 €)
National History Museum:
7 Lei (~ 1,80 €)
For adults: 12 Lei (~ 3,2 €)
- discounted ticket (students, etc.): 6 Lei (~ 1,6 €)
- photo ticket: 10 Lei (~ 2,6 €)
- video ticket: 18 Lei (~ 4,6 €)
For adults: 12 Lei (~ 3,2 €)
Additionally you must check your camera or pay 30 Lei (~ 7,70 €) to take photos or 50 Lei (~12,8 €) for video.
In Romania the office hours are generally 09.00 – 15.30, between Monday and Friday. In the big cities the shops are waiting their clients from Monday till Sunday between 09.00 – 18.00. In the little villages and cities you may find also shorter hours. Keep attention because the opening hours, as everywhere else in the world, are depending also from seasons and on special holidays.
Romanian is the official language, but English will be understood in Bucharest and other tourist areas. Hungarian and German are spoken, while also French and some English are spoken by those connected with the tourist industry.
220 volts AC, 50 Hz. Plugs are of the two-pin type. A plug & power adapter is necessary for most appliances requiring 110 V.
IN AN EMERGENCY
The general emergency phone number is 112. This number covers all of the emergency services: police, fire department, and ambulance. You can call 112 from anywhere in Romania and from any phone, fixed or mobile. Medical facilities in Bucharest are good, but poor in the smaller towns and basic medical supplies are often in short supply. EU visitors are covered in emergencies if they hold a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Health insurance is advised still.
International direct dialing service is available throughout Romania. Most public telephones require the use of a calling/ telephone card. It is very easy to rent or buy a cellular telephone in Romania.
Dialing within Romania:
0 + three digit area code + six digit telephone #
when dialing anywhere in the countryside or
0 + 21 + seven digit telephone # or 0 + 31 + seven digit telephone #
when dialing a number Bucharest.
Three digit telephone numbers are local toll-free numbers for emergencies or businesses.
International dialing from Romania:
00 + country code + area code + telephone #
Dialing from a foreign country directly to Bucharest:
International Access Code +40 (country code) + 21 + seven digit telephone #
Dialing from a foreign country directly to any other city in Romania:
International Access Code + 40 (country code) + three digit area code + six digit phone #
Romania has several Internet access providers offering advanced services such as Internet messaging via mobile telephone, Internet paging, international roaming and more. A number of Internet retail outlets and cyber-cafes in almost every town offer convenient Internet access. An increasing number of hotels offer data ports with high-speed modem connections for guests to access the Internet and retrieve e-mail in the comfort of their rooms.
We can say that there are not any violent crimes against tourists but in the same time also the tourists have to be cautious about their values. Most of the hotels offer safe deposit boxes and you can let your values and your passport there or use money belt. As all in the big cities of the world also here are existing pickpockets, so beware!
Never accept changing of your money on the streets or squares, because you will lose on this business. Beware of people who are wearing police uniform and asking for your papers and accuse you of exchanging money on the black market.
The real policemen can ask only your personal documents to check, but never ask you to show your money or credit cards! If you keep your passport in the hotel’s safe box do not worry! If they feel that checking it is really important they will assist you back to your hotel.
Visitors should better drink bottled water. Tap water is safe to drink also but if you are in doubt buy bottled water. Romania has more than 1/3 of the natural mineral springs of Europe. Bottled water is inexpensive and widely available.
No immunizations or unusual health precautions are necessary. Romania has no infectious risks and there are no poisonous insects. There have been a number of „Hepatitis A” cases in Romania and visitors are advised to seek medical advice about inoculations before traveling.
There are many pharmacies in Romania. The majority of pharmacies are in bigger cities, where you can find the medicine you need. For some medicines a receipt is necessary, otherwise you can not buy them. Some websites to the romanian pharmacies:
Medical care in Romania is not up to Western standards and some medical supplies are limited, especially outside of major cities. You need to be aware that many doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. Being covered is strongly recommended.
Every big city has a number of well-equipped hospitals, but in some small cities or village areas, you may notice that quality health care is low. Facilities, medical supplies and medication can have limited supply and availability. In big cities, you also have the option of private clinics. With regards to dentistry, there are many private clinics. Prices are generally much lower than in other European countries. This means that people have started to travel to Romania for treatment in the area.
Romanian Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (RMCDDA)
1. Concept / Purpose / Vision
The Romanian Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (RMCDDA) functions as a Romanian technical liaison structure with the European Union, in charge with monitoring the Romanian drugs situation and with the exchange of information between source-institutions and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.
The RMCDDA centralizes all data provided by the institutions that possess drug related data. The data is properly analyzed and broken down into two main components of the drug policy:
Drug Demand Reduction:
- "Infectious diseases associated to drug use" key indicator
- "Drug Related Death" key indicator
- "Drug Related Treatment Demand" key indicator
- "Prevalence of drug use" key indicator
- "General Population Surveys" key indicator
Drug Supply Reduction:
- Availability and market supply
- Price of drugs on illicit market
- Purity of drugs trafficked on the illicit market
- Social problems associated to drug use and drug trafficking
- Offences associated to the drug use.
The results of the analysis are submitted to policymakers at the level of the ministries involved.
2. General objectives
To facilitate a global, reliable and up-to-date vision on issues related to the use of drugs (including tobacco, alcohol and other psychoactive substances that cause addiction) in Romania that would allow for the improvement of the decision-making process and would bring an important contribution to the preparation and evaluation of response policies in the case of drug use.
3. Specific objectives
- Identifying and defining the data and the data sources
- Setting up an informational network regarding the drug field
- Acknowledging drug use prevalence tendencies and characteristics
- Identifying and measuring the trends of drug-related issues - the sanitary, judiciary, social aspects
- Measuring the tendency of psychoactive substances supply
- Acknowledging the appropriate responses to the illicit drug use and trafficking (legislation, programs, projects)
- Analyzing data offered by indicators, inquiries etc and issuing a national annual report
- Sending information to decision-making factors at both national and European level and to other interested institutions
- Promoting specific research for each indicator and training staff in order to improve the data and data collection methodology
- Providing data for future studies
- Studying the population`s attitude and opinion on drug use and drug users and the programs related to the drugs phenomenon
- Establishing a documentation and information center on drug related issues(written bibliographical material - hard copies and electronic format).
It is a percentage-based estimation of drug use reported to the total population (current or previous). It is considered a key indicator for the assessment of the situation at a certain time and for the development and evolution of policies in this field. It is important to know which groups include drug users, as well as their drug use patterns/tendencies.
National Statistics Institute
Institute for Health Services Management, NGOs
Prevelance and patterns of problematic drugs use
It refers to the supervision of drug users groups. "Problematic" drugs can refer to drugs such as opium, cannabis and/or amphetamine. This definition excludes Ecstasy and cannabis use, as well as recreational use of opium, cocaine and amphetamines.
Institute for Medical Statistics
Drug related infectious diseases
Prevalence and incidence of HIV/HVB/HVC
Ministry of Health and Family
Institute for Medical Statistics
Drug related deaths
Refers to data provided by mortality registers for the general population, specialized statistics registrars, and various studies on drug users. The number of death cases caused directly by drug abuse (overdoses) is often used for a simple general estimation of the situation in a certain country. At the same time, it is important to know the number of death cases in the young population, which is the group where drug abuse occurs most often.
Sources: "Mina Minovici" Forensic Institute
Institute for Medical Statistics
Drug treatment demand
It refers to the statistic data provided by the treatment centers or other units which offer specialized medical assistance.
Any treatment institutions that reports and sends data to the Ministry of Health and Family
Institute for Medical statistics
5. Main directions
Aiming to develop a network for data collection according to the mentioned key indicators, the RMCDDA strategy will follow two main directions:
Demand Reduction (Indicators 3, 4, and 5)
Supply Reduction; in this manner, a range of "core" indicators (drug price on the market, number of arrests, drug seizures) will be developed in close co-operation with General Directorate for Countering Organized Crime and Anti-drug and the specialized departments of the Ministry of Justice.