Transylvania Folk Art
When you visit Transylvania you have to know also the folk art of the region. Here we would like to give some informations about it in the followings.
Dăneşti – Csíkdánfalva:
It is a city know about the un-glazed ceramics and as a center of pottery. The ceramics has been coloured red and black.
Horlacea – Jákótelke:
In this little village you can see how to make straw hat. This occupation practise nowdays just by some people and not all day in the year, so if you would like to know this traditional job, you have to make a visit in this village in the spring.
Călata – Kalotaszeg:
The traditions that have been kept throughout long centuries are still fascinating like Christmas caroling and acting out the Bethlehem story, the ’sprinkling’ at Easter, when early in the morning men go over to the houses where their female relatives and friends live and sprinkle them with water; in return the women give them dyed eggs with traditional folk patterns on them, the weddings traditions, ball in October, after the grapes have been picked and pressed by the people of the village. On religious holidays men and women put on their nicest costumes and go to church and after the ceremony women make a festive traditional lunch. The costumes in this region are extraordinarily colourful and varied.
Sâncraiu - Kalotaszentkirály-Zentelke:
Sâncraiu is situated by the Kalota Stream, 5 kilometers from Huedin. 1200 people live there today, mostly Calvinist Hungarians.
Excellent craftsmen inhabit the village: carpenters, joiners, bricklayers, fur-makers. Old Hungarian traditions are alive in the village still, people still wear their splendid costumes on holidays.
Corund – Korond:
Corund is one of the largest settlements of Hargita county. As the agriculture was never enough to support the population different trades formed, among them potter’s craft is the oldest one, but you can find tinder-making and charcoal-burning crafts as well. Permanent fair is held in the main square, where customers can find not only the local craftsmen’s products and goods from masters of the neighbourhood.
In the beginning craftsmen made pots without glaze, and these pots were well-tried cooking utensils. The pottery craft of Corund was in danger many times. When the glazed pots came into fashion the young people were sent to Odorheiu Secuiesc to learn the new methods. The potter’s craft can support the inhabitants well, so people don’t move to other settlements from here.
Căpuşu Mare – Magyarkapus:
Here you can see embroidered clothes, tablecloths, cases of pillowswhich are for sale in front of almost every house.
Macău – Mákófalva:
This city is known about furniture painting which has an old tradition. There was also a school for furniture painting in the village, which worked from the end of the 1800s until 1950. There is a special room in almost every single house in the villages, which is called the "clean room". In this room visitors will find the dowry of the female members of the family: a richly-decorated bed, a glassed-in cupboard, a bench,a table, chairs, chests, home-spun pieces etc. The inhabitants are happy to make to see this „treasures” for the tourists if they ask to visit it.
Dumitreni - Szentdemeter:
This village is know about the tradition of cornhusk working. People started to learn this work after a big flood which destroyed the village and brought poverty for inhabitants. They started to make shopping bags, baskets, table-mats and sold them at the markets of Sighişoara and Târgu Mureş. But the secret of the work did not remain in this village and also Chendu the people started practise this traditional work. Nowdays people think the tradition cames originaly from Chendu and they do not know that the original place of this trade is Dumitreni, the village hiddened behind the hill.
Rimetea – Torockó:
Rimetea is a village which known as the centre of ironworks in Transylvania before the modern iron industry appeared. The village has also a museum where you can see folk costume, painted furniture, tools, embroideries of the village.